Sankaradeva’s Philosophy


Rokibul Islam, Gauhati University.


The religions of the world had been expressions of the human spirit to grasp the nature of the universe, to understand man’s relation to it, cultivate that kind of thought, emotion and conduct which benefits man’s place in the universe. Though philosophy and religion differed from each other in the sense that the former adopted critical reflection and the latter a matter of faith, yet almost all major religions had a philosophical leaning. This meeting point of philosophy and religion developed a sphere of study which may be termed as Religious Philosophy. Sankaradeva’s Neo-Vaishnavism had not only been a sect of Vaishnavism but also a reformation of Hinduism itself. Though it had been a part of the Vaic Gava reform movement which gained momentum in the Northern part of India in the 15h and Toth century, it involved certain unique features of its faith and practices. The influence of Neo-Vaishnavism had been noteworthy in shaping a particular way of life, which is enriched with distinct moral values, social norms and cultural order centered on the spiritual ideal of the ultimate unity of everything. Therefore, it is found justified to study and enquire into the philosophy of Sankaradeva’s Neo-Vaisnavism. In this study, the data are collected from both primary and secondary sources. Primarily, Analytic Method of study is used, as the collected data are critically analyzed to find out solutions in context of the objective. But the Interpretative Method is used too while determining the meaning of certain literary phases and statements.