Positive Impact of Covid-19 Lockdown on Environment


Satya Ranjan Das, Assistant Professor
Vivodhananda Saraswati Teachers’ Training College, India.


The COVID-19 pandemic situation has caused a worldwide reduction of economic activity and although this is the cause for concern, the decline ofdifferent humanactivity appears to have had a positive impact on the environment. From industrial sector and transport sector emissions and effluents have reduced, and measurable data supports the clearing of pollutants in the air, soil and water. In the month of May, which usually records highest carbon emissions due to the decomposition of leaves, hasrecorded what might be the lowest levels of pollutants in the air since 2008 financial crisis. In this pendamic time all countries have recorded significant reductions in their different pollutants.Some sources suggest that there has been a 25 percent drop in energy use and emissions in China over two weeks which is likely to reduce the overall annual carbon emissions of the country by 1 percent. In India the results were similar too; during lockdown time, significantly decrease in air pollution levels was measured across the country. Cities likeKolkata, Delhi, Mumbaiand Chennai saw their average Air Quality Index (AQI) staying within two digits during COVID-19 pandemic situation.Water bodies have also been clearing and all the rivers of India mainlyGanga and Yamuna river have seen significantly decreases of water pollutants since the enforcement of a nationwide lockdown. According to the real-time water monitoring data of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India, the average water quality of 27 points of the Ganga seen in the lockdown time which, is suitable for bathing and propagation of wildlife and fisheries.