Hindnu Marriage System in The Vedic Tradition


Anamika Kalita (Lecturer)
Ambedkar Academy, Barpeta, Assam, India.


The Veda is the oldest scripture of the Hindus and it is considered as the secred scripture. The Veda describes all the knowledge of human life relating to this life and the next life. The Hindus celebrate various ceremonies from birth to death of a person and among them. The institution of marriage is regarded as the most sacred and it is an essential ritual of the people of both sexes. From an in depth studies it will be cleared that the system of marriage has been closely related to the Veda.The’Panigrahan’, ‘Hom-yagya’ etc which are integrated part of a marriage system are clearly mentioned in the Vedas, specially in the Yajurveda ofcourse these are bound in other Vedas also like Regveda, Atherba Veda etc. In the ‘Manu Samhita’ all the rituals and necessary advices which are most important to family members are broadly described.The’Manu Samhita’ was written by Rishi Manu in 300-200 BC, which is one of the oldest scripture of the Hindus. The Smiti stands against one of the disease of the Hindus i.e the system of dowry. When a marriage ceremony is performed according to the rules and regulations prescribed by the vedic system, then it becomes a passage of enter into a spiritual life for the bride and bridegroom.The recitation of the vedic mantras, fire of hom, lighting of the light etc, make the marriage ceremony pure and spiritual in sentiment. The purity of a marriage life is hidden in the Vedic hymns, but the modern way of life has keep the minds of people away from the purify of vedic hymns. This paper will try to discover the hidden vedic rituals latent in the Vedas and the manusmiti as well.