Effect of Pranayama and Meditation Practices on Breath Holding Time and Respiratory Rate among Women Students


Vijaya T & Arumugam S ( Assistant Professor)
Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India – 627012

M. Elango M (Associate Professor)
The M.D.T Hindu College.


The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of pranayama and meditation practices on breath holding time and respiratory rate among women students. To achieve the purpose of this study, twenty (n=20) college women students were randomly selected from Thenkasi District, Tamilnadu, India. The age of subjects was ranged from 18 to 23 years. The selected students were randomly divided into two groups such as Group ‘I’ underwent pranayama and meditation practices (n=10) for five days and one session per day and each session lasted for 60 minutes for six week period and Group ‘II’ acted as control group (n-10) not exposed to any specific training but they were participated in regular activities. The data on breath holding time and respiratory rate were collected and administering by nostril clip hold method (seconds) and observation of inhalation-exhalation of breathing in the chest (count/min). The pre and posttests data were collected on selected criterion variables prior to and immediately after the training programme. The pre and post-test scores were statistically examined by the dependent-‘t’ test and Analysis of co-variance (ANCOVA) for each and every selected variable separately. It was concluded that the pranayama and meditation practices group had shown significantly improved in breath holding time and respiratory rate. However the control group had not shown any significant improvement on any of the selected variables such as breath holding time and respiratory rate.