Effect of Pilates Exercises, Yogic Practices and Combined Pilates Exercises and Yogic Practices on Respiratory Rate among College Female Students

Authors

K. Aruna & Dr. I. John Parthiban (Director)
H. H. The Rajah’s College(Auto), Affiliated to Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Pudukkottai, Tamilnadu, India.

Abstract

The present study was designed to find out the effect of Pilates exercises, yogic practices and combined Pilates exercises and yogic practices on respiratory rate among college female students. For this purpose sixty(N=60) college female students studying various affiliated colleges to Thiruvalluvar University, Vellore, Tamilnadu India during the year 2019-2020 were selected randomly as subjects. The age of the subjects were ranged between 18-21 years. The subjects were assigned at random into four groups of fifteen each (n=15) namely, Pilates exercises, yogic practices, combined Pilates exercises and yogic practices and control group. Group-I underwent Pilates Exercises, Group-II underwent yogic practices, Group-III underwent combined Pilates exercises and yogic practices and Group-IV acted as control. The duration of the training period for all the three experimental groups was restricted to twelve weeks and the number of sessions per week was confined to three in a week. For combined Pilates exercises and yogic practices the training period was restricted to alternative weeks for twelve weeks. Respiratory rate was selected as dependent variable and it was assessed by manual method. All the subjects were tested prior to and immediately after the training for all the selected variables.The data obtained from the experimental groups before and after the experimental period were statistically analyzed with dependent ‘t’-test and Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Whenever the ‘F’ ratio for adjusted post test means was found to be significant, the Scheffe’s Post hoc test was applied to determine the paired mean differences. The level of confidence was fixed at 0.05 level for all the cases. The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference was found among all the experimental groups namely Pilates exercises, yogic practices, combined Pilates exercises and yogic practices groups had significantly increase in respiratory rate. Further the results of the study showed that combined Pilate’s exercises and yogic practices group was found to be better than the Pilate’s exercises group and yogic practices group in respiratory rate.