Meenakshi Verma, Assistant Professor, Sharda University.
EFFECT OF BALANCE EXERCISES ON BALANCE, PAIN AND FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE IN OSTEOARTHRITIS KNEE
Background and Purpose:Traditionally, rehabilitation programs improve muscle strength and proprioception which may reduce the progression of knee OA. The purpose of the study to evaluate the effect of balance exercises in improving balance, functional performances and decreasing pain in osteoarthritis knee. Methods:30 patients meeting the inclusion criteria was randomly divided into groups. Subjects received one hour individualized training sessions.Group A received quads. Sets, SLR, Flexionextension and 20 mins short wave diathermy. Exercises are performed 30 repetitions of each exercise (3 sets of 10 repetitions). Group B received strengthening exercises as well as balance exercises which includesSide stepping ,Front and backward ,crossover steps during forward ambulation,Retrowalking etc. Exercises were performed 5 days in a week for 4 weeks. Step Test, Functional Reach Test, WOMAC Questionnaire, Visual Analogue Scale were the outcome measure and their scores for all groups were taken prior and after the training. Results:Pre test and post test outcome measures (VAS, WOMAC, Step test and FRT) of two independent groups were compared by repeated measures analysis of variance (RM ANOVA) using general linear models (GLM) and the significance of mean difference within and between the groups was done by Newman-Keuls post hoc test. And the results revealed that post intervention scores were highly significant (p 0.05) in group B and performed better than group A. Conclusion: In conclusion, Study found both the balance exercises effective in improving balance, functional performance and decreasing pain in osteoarthritis knee but Group B was found to be significantly more effective than Group A