Diabetes Mellitus Among Renal Failure Patients

Authors

Anshu Chaturvedi, Ila Joshi
Department of Home Science, IIS (deemed to be University), Gurukul Marg, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is one of the leading causes of diabetic nephropathy around the world. Diabetic nephropathy is strongly associated with macro vascular complications and is responsible for many deaths due to renal failure. According to the report of the United States Renal Data System (2015), the incidence of diabetic nephropathy is 334 per million of the US population per year [1]. The present study was conducted with an aim to find out relation between diabetes mellitus and renal failure among End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients. Seventy patients, undergoing maintenance hemodialysis, were selected from a local hospital of Jaipur city, Rajasthan,for which purposive sampling, irrespective of sex was followed. The data related to demographic profile, anthropometric measurements, lifestyle and medical history was collected using an interviewschedule. The results revealed 35.7% of patients suffering from renal failure had a medical history of diabetes mellitus, of which, half of them also had hypertension (17.1%). Besides this, 47% of the patients were hypertensive and had associated problemsviz. glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, medication errors and post-surgery effect that led to renal failure. It was also observed that 4 patients achieved normal blood sugar levels when they were put on hemodialysis. Thus, study concludes that diabetes mellitus is the second major cause for renalfailure after hypertension and dialysis therapy can bring the blood sugar levels back to normal.