An Analysis of the Gender Dimension in the Employment over the Period 2011-12 to 2017-18.

Authors

Poonam, PhD Research Scholar
Department of Economics Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra.

Abstract

The participation of the female in economic activity is very crucial for the development of any developing country. As female constitute 50% of the total population so their economic participation can significantly contribute to the growth rate of the country and also to improve the their own living standard of life .The various rounds of NSSO’s on employment and unemployment show that female workforce participation rate is significantly low than male regional as well as at aggregate level. The present research paper explores the gender dimension of employment as well as the gender disparity in employment by region, sector, status of employment and level of education for the 17 major states over the period 2011-12 to 2017-18. By using the NSSO’s unit level data for 68th round and PLFS(Periodic Labour Force Survey) 2017-18, a declined in male-female workforce participation rate and increased in gender disparity in employment in rural region was found over the period 2011-12 to 2017-18. A declined in male-female workforce participation rate and increased in gender disparity was also found for primary and secondary sector at both regions –rural and urban over the period 2011-12 to 2017-18. A slightly shift from self-employed and casual workers to regular workers for both male and female and a positive effect of education after a certain level of education was also observed over the period 2011-12 to 2017-18.